Correlated X-ray and optical variability in KV UMa
Max-Planck-Institut für Astrophysik, Postfach 1317, 85741 Garching bei München, Germany
2 Max-Planck-Institut für Extraterrestrische Physik, Postfach 1312, 85741 Garching bei München, Germany
Corresponding author: H. C. Spruit, firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 21 May 2002
We present coordinated X-ray and optical observations of the X-ray transient KV UMa (=XTE J1118+480) at high time resolution. The optical variation associated with spikes in the X-rays consist of a dip preceding the spike by 0–5 s, and a peak following it. The cross-correlation function between X-rays and optical has the same shape. It rises sharply, within 30 ms of the peak of the X-rays. The shape of the cross correlation shows significant intrinsic variability on time scales as short as 30 s. Analyzing this variability with principal component analysis (calibrated with simulated data), we find two statistically independent components. The first is similar to the average cross-correlation. The second also consists of a dip followed by a peak, but on a 3x shorter time scale. These properties of the optical light, together with the high optical brightness of the transient, are not easily explained by reprocessing of the X-rays.
Key words: accretion: accretion disks / black hole physics / X-rays
© ESO, 2002