Volume 388, Number 3, June IV 2002
|Page(s)||889 - 898|
|Section||Interstellar and circumstellar matter|
|Published online||10 June 2002|
Chromospheric activity on the RS CVn-type binary UX Arietis
Yunnan Observatory, Joint laboratory for optical astronomy, National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming, PR China e-mail: email@example.com
Corresponding author: S.-h. Gu, firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 19 March 2002
High resolution spectroscopic observations of UX Ari made during three observing seasons in 2000 have been analyzed by means of the spectral subtraction technique. The information about chromospheric activity of UX Ari has been obtained from several optical chromospheric activity indicators such as the Hei D3, Nai D1, D2, H, and Caii IRT lines. The results suggest the chromospheric activity of the system is associated with the cooler secondary. An orbital phase modulation of chromospheric emissions is found, and consequently the activity longitude area of the system is obtained, that corresponds to the phase interval near the second quadrature of the binary system. A flare-like event is detected during our new observations, characterized by the dramatic increase in the H and Caii IRT emission lines, that is confirmed by the emission of the Hei D3 line and the filled-in cores of the Nai D1, D2 lines. It is found that the values of the ratio decrease when the activity of the system increases, especially when the flare occurs. The small values of the ratio indicate that the Caii IRT emissions come from plage-like regions. The high activity level of UX Ari around the quadrature may originate with the coupling between the chromospheric activity of the secondary and the mass transfer activity of the two components.
Key words: stars: activity / stars: binaries: close / stars: chromosphere / stars: flare / stars: individual: UX Ari
© ESO, 2002
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