Volume 387, Number 3, June I 2002
|Page(s)||918 - 930|
|Section||Interstellar and circumstellar matter|
|Published online||17 May 2002|
The transition from a cool disk to an ion supported flow
Max-Planck-Institut für Astrophysik, Postfach 1317, 85741 Garching, Germany
Corresponding author: H. C. Spruit, firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 26 February 2002
We show that the inner regions of a cool accretion disk in an X-ray binary can transform into an advective, ion supported accretion flow (an optically thin ADAF, here called ISAF), through events involving only the known properties of the Coulomb interaction in a two-temperature plasma, standard radiation processes, and viscous heating. The optically thin inner edge of the disk is heated to a few 100 keV by the strong flux of hot ions from the surrounding hot ISAF. We show that he resident ions in this “warm” disk are thermally unstable due to internal viscous heating, and heat up to their virial temperature. The innermost disk regions thus evaporate and feed the ISAF. These processes are demonstrated with time dependent calculations of a two-temperature plasma in vertical hydrostatic equilibrium, including heating by external ions, internal proton–electron energy exchange, and viscous heating. The process complements the “coronal” evaporation mechanism which operates at larger distances from the central object.
Key words: accretion, accretion disks / X-rays: binaries / black hole physics / radiations mechanisms: general, radiative transfer
© ESO, 2002
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