Chromospheric models of a solar flare including velocity fields
Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, 50125 Firenze, Italy
2 Instituto de Astronomía y Física del Espacio, Buenos Aires, Argentina e-mail: email@example.com
Corresponding author: A. Falchi, firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 25 March 2002
We study the chromospheric structure of a small flare, before, during and after the first hard X-ray spike. We construct 5 semiempirical models for different times, which will reproduce the profiles of the H, Ca II K and Si I 3905 lines during the flare evolution. In order to reproduce the intensity and the main characteristics of the line asymmetry, we introduce the velocity fields in the profile calculations. We find that the whole chromosphere undergoes a strong upward motion within 1 s of the maximum of the first hard X-ray spike, when the temperature and the density begin to rapidly increase. This seems the first chromospheric response to the energy deposition and/or release. Only 6 s after the hard X-ray peak, a strong downflow begins in the low chromosphere and its velocity continues to increase even during the cooling phase.
Key words: Sun: chromosphere / Sun: flares
© ESO, 2002