Volume 387, Number 1, May III 2002
|Page(s)||233 - 239|
|Section||Interstellar and circumstellar matter|
|Published online||15 May 2002|
Determination of limits on disc masses around six pulsars at 15 and 90 μm*
DAPNIA/Service d'Astrophysique, CEA/Saclay, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex, France
2 Max Planck Institut für Astronomie, 69117 Heidelberg, Königstuhl 17, Germany
3 Nuclear and Astrophysics Laboratory, University of Oxford, Oxford, OX1 3RH, UK
4 Astrophysics group, School of Physics, University of Exeter, EX4 4QL, UK
Corresponding author: L. Koch-Miramond, firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 12 March 2002
We have searched for evidence of emission at 15 μm with ISOCAM and at 90 μm with ISOPHOT from dust orbiting six nearby pulsars, both in binaries and in isolation, located at distances between about 100 to 1000 pc. No emission was detected at any of the pulsar positions, and for the nearest pulsar J0108-1431 the 3σ upper limits on the flux density is about 66 mJy at 15 μm and 22.5 mJy at 90 μm. Upper limits on the masses of circumpulsar dust are inferred at a given temperature using a simple modelling of the radiated flux; they are compared to upper limits on orbiting mass obtained with the dust heating model of Foster & Fisher ([CITE]). These results suggest that it is unlikely that any of these pulsars have sufficiently massive, circumpulsar discs, out of which planets may form in the future.
Key words: stars: pulsars: general / infrared: stars / planetary systems: formation / stars: circumstellar matter
© ESO, 2002
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