Volume 384, Number 3, March IV 2002
|Page(s)||954 - 964|
|Section||Interstellar and circumstellar matter|
|Published online||15 March 2002|
LS 5039: A runaway microquasar ejected from the galactic plane
Departament d'Astronomia i Meteorologia, Universitat de Barcelona, Av. Diagonal 647, 08028 Barcelona, Spain
2 Instituto Argentino de Radioastronomía, C.C.5, (1894) Villa Elisa, Buenos Aires, Argentina
3 Departamento de Física, Escuela Politécnica Superior, Universidad de Jaén, Virgen de la Cabeza 2, 23071 Jaén, Spain
Corresponding author: M. Ribó, firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 10 January 2002
We have compiled optical and radio astrometric data of the microquasar LS 5039 and derived its proper motion. This, together with the distance and radial velocity of the system, allows us to state that this source is escaping from its own regional standard of rest, with a total systemic velocity of about 150 km s-1 and a component perpendicular to the galactic plane larger than 100 km s-1. This is probably the result of an acceleration obtained during the supernova event that created the compact object in this binary system. We have computed the trajectory of LS 5039 in the past, and searched for OB associations and supernova remnants in its path. In particular, we have studied the possible association between LS 5039 and the supernova remnant G016.8-01.1, which, despite our efforts, remains dubious. We have also discovered and studied an cavity in the ISM, which could have been created by the stellar wind of LS 5039 or by the progenitor of the compact object in the system. Finally, in the symmetric supernova explosion scenario, we estimate that at least were lost in order to produce the high eccentricity observed. Such a mass loss could also explain the observed runaway velocity of the microquasar.
Key words: stars: individual: LS 5039, RX J1826.2-1450 / X-rays: binaries / supernovae: individual: G016.8-01.1 / radio continuum: stars / radio continuum: ISM / ISM: supernova remnants
© ESO, 2002
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