Measuring the properties of extragalactic dust and implications for the Hubble diagram
Department of Physics, Stockholm University, SCFAB, 106 91 Stockholm, Sweden
Corresponding author: A. Goobar, email@example.com
Accepted: 2 January 2002
Scattering and absorption of light by a homogeneous distribution of intergalactic large dust grains has been proposed as an alternative, non-cosmological explanation for the faintness of type Ia supernovae at . We investigate the differential extinction for high-redshift sources caused by extragalactic dust along the line of sight. Future observations of type Ia supernovae up to , e.g. by the proposed SNAP satellite, will allow the measurement of the properties of dust over cosmological distances. We show that 1% relative spectrophotometric accuracy (or broadband photometry) in the wavelength interval 0.7–1.5 μm is required to measure the extinction caused by “grey” dust down to mag. We also argue that the presence of grey dust is not necessarily inconsistent with the recent measurement of the brightness of a supernova at (SN 1997ff), in the absence of accurate spectrophotometric information of the supernova.
Key words: cosmological parameters; dust, extinction; supernovae: general
© ESO, 2002