Volume 384, Number 1, MarchII 2002
|Page(s)||282 - 298|
|Section||Planets and planetary systems|
|Published online||15 March 2002|
Eigenoscillations of the differentially rotating Sun
I. 22-year, 4000-year, and quasi-biennial modes
Institute of Terrestrial Magnetism, Ionosphere and Radio Wave Propagation of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Troitsk City, Moscow Region 142190, Russia e-mail: email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org
2 Astrophysikalisches Institut Potsdam, Sonnenobservatorium Einsteinturm, 14473 Potsdam, Germany
Corresponding author: J. Staude, email@example.com
Accepted: 20 December 2001
Retrograde waves with frequencies much lower than the rotation frequency become trapped in the solar radiative interior. The eigenfunctions of the compressible, nonadiabatic (ϵ-mechanism and radiative losses taken into account) Rossby-like modes are obtained by an asymptotic method assuming a very small latitudinal gradient of the rotation rate. An integral dispersion relation for the complex eigenfrequencies is derived as a solution of the boundary value problem. The discovered resonant cavity modes (called R-modes) are fundamentally different from the known r-modes: their frequencies are functions of the solar interior structure, and the reason for their existence is not related to geometrical effects. The most unstable R-modes are those with periods of ≈1–3 yr, 18–30 yr, and 1500–20 000 yr; these three separate period ranges are known from solar and geophysical data. The growing times of those modes which are unstable with respect to the ϵ-mechanism are ≈ and 105 years, respectively. The amplitudes of the R-modes are growing towards the center of the Sun. We discuss some prospects to develop the theory of R-modes as a driver of the dynamics in the convective zone which could explain, e.g., observed short-term fluctuations of rotation, a control of the solar magnetic cycle, and abrupt changes of terrestrial climate in the past.
Key words: hydrodynamics / Sun: activity / Sun: interior / Sun: oscillations / Sun: rotation
© ESO, 2002
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