Volume 384, Number 1, MarchII 2002
|Page(s)||99 - 111|
|Section||Cosmology (including clusters of galaxies)|
|Published online||15 March 2002|
X-ray sources in the starburst spiral galaxy M 83
Nuclear region and discrete source population
Mullard Space Science Laboratory, University College London, Holmbury St Mary, Surrey RH5 6NT, UK e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
2 School of Physics A28, University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
Corresponding author: R. Soria, email@example.com
Accepted: 4 January 2002
Chandra has resolved the starburst nuclear region of the face-on grand-design spiral M 83. Eighty-one point sources are detected (above 3.5-σ) in the ACIS S3 image, and 15 of them are within the inner 16´´ region of the galaxy. A point source with erg s-1 in the 0.3–8.0 keV band is found to coincide with the infra-red nuclear photometric peak, one of the two dynamical nuclei of the galaxy. No point-like sources are resolved (at a 2.5-σ level) at the centre of symmetry of the outer optical isophote ellipses, suspected to be another dynamical nucleus. About 50% of the total emission in the nuclear region is unresolved; of this, about 70% can be attributed to hot thermal plasma, and the rest is probably due to unresolved point sources (e.g., faint X-ray binaries). The azimuthally-averaged radial distribution of the unresolved emission has a King-like profile, with no central cusp. Strong emission lines are seen in the spectrum of the optically thin plasma component. The high abundances of C, Ne, Mg, Si and S with respect to Fe suggest that the interstellar medium in the nucleus is enriched and heated by type-II supernova explosions and winds from massive stars. The cumulative luminosity distribution of the discrete X-ray sources is neither a single nor a broken power law. Separating the sources in the nuclear region (within a distance of 60´´ from the X-ray centre) from the rest reveals that the two groups have different luminosity distributions. The curve of the sources in the inner region (nucleus and stellar bar) is a single power law, which we interpret as due to continuous, ongoing star formation. Outside the central region, there is a smaller fraction of sources brighter than the Eddington limit for an accreting neutron star.
Key words: galaxies: individual: M 83 (= NGC 5236) / galaxies: nuclei / galaxies: spiral / galaxies: starburst / X-rays: binaries / X-rays: galaxies
© ESO, 2002
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