EDP Sciences
Free Access
Volume 380, Number 1, December II 2001
Page(s) 40 - 54
Section Extragalactic astronomy
DOI https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20011354
Published online 15 December 2001

A&A 380, 40-54 (2001)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20011354

Hot halo gas in the Virgo cluster galaxy NGC 4569

D. Tschöke1, D. J. Bomans2, G. Hensler1 and N. Junkes3

1  Institut für Theoretische Physik und Astrophysik, Universität Kiel, 24098 Kiel, Germany
2  Astronomisches Institut, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Universitätsstr. 150, 44780 Bochum, Germany
3  Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie, Auf dem Hügel 69, 53121 Bonn, Germany

(Received 2 February 2001 / Accepted 20 September 2001 )

We have observed the Virgo cluster spiral NGC 4569 in X-rays with ROSAT (0.1-2.4 keV) and in the optical. From the PSPC image one can distinguish different components, like the dominant source in the nuclear region, the galactic disk, and a diffuse soft component extended to the west. This latter one coincides with a giant H$\alpha$ structure. In both spectral ranges the structure reaches up to 9 kpc out of the disk. This coincidence, the soft X-ray energy distribution, and the existence of a central starburst in NGC 4569 let us conclude that the X-ray gas traces a large scale outflow from accumulating supernova explosions and stellar winds in the galactic center. The resulting physical properties of this X-ray halo are comparable to those derived from X-ray halos in edge-on galaxies, like e.g. NGC 253. We also discuss the influence of the intracluster medium on the observed X-ray and H$\alpha$ morphology. The spectral 0.1-2.4 keV distribution of the central source and the X-ray-to-H$\alpha$ luminosity ratio favour a supermassive star cluster at the very compact core rather than an accretion-powered active nucleus in agreement with the absence of a hard compact X-ray source in the ASCA band. The nearby Magellanic dwarf galaxy IC 3583 at a projected distance of only 30 kpc reveals an unresolved X-ray point source, several blue knots in the optical, and a narrow H$\alpha$ spur, pointing toward NGC 4569, detected also in the B band image. This is an indication for ongoing star formation also in IC 3583. Some interaction with NGC 4569 will be discussed although the relative radial velocity between both objects of about 1300 km s-1 makes it rather unlikely.

Key words: galaxies: active -- galaxies: starburst -- galaxies: ISM -- galaxies: individual: NGC 4569, IC 3583 -- X-rays: galaxies

Offprint request: G. Hensler, hensler@astrophysik.uni-kiel.de

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© ESO 2001

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