Volume 380, Number 1, December II 2001
|Page(s)||323 - 340|
|Section||Planets and planetary systems|
|Published online||15 December 2001|
Formation of helium spectrum in solar quiescent prominences
Institut d'Astrophysique Spatiale, Bât. 121, Université Paris XI, 91405 Orsay Cedex, France
Corresponding author: N. Labrosse, email@example.com
Accepted: 11 September 2001
We present new non-LTE modelling of the helium spectrum emitted by quiescent solar prominences. The calculations are made in the frame of a one-dimensional plane-parallel slab. The physical parameters of our models are the electron temperature, the gas pressure, the slab width, the microturbulent velocity and the height above the solar surface. In this paper, we present isothermal isobaric models for a large range of temperature and pressure values. This work brings considerable improvements over the calculations of Heasley and co-workers [CITE] with the inclusion in our calculations of partial redistribution effects in the formation of the Hi Lyα, Lyβ, Hei λ 584 Å and Heii λ 304 Å lines. In addition we consider detailed incident profiles for the principal transitions. The statistical equilibrium equations are solved for a 33 bound levels (Hei and Heii) plus continuum atom, and the radiative transfer equations are solved by the Feautrier method with variable Eddington factors. In this way we obtain the helium level populations and the emergent line profiles. We discuss the influence of the physical parameters on the helium level populations and on the main helium spectral lines. The effect of helium abundance in the prominence plasma is also studied. Some relations between singlet and triplet lines are given, as well as between optically thin or thick lines, Hei and Heii lines, and between the Hei λ 5876 Å and Hi λ 4863 Å lines. In a future work this numerical code will be used for the diagnostic of the prominence plasma by comparing the results with SUMER observations.
Key words: Sun: prominences / line: profiles / line: formation / radiative transfer
© ESO, 2001
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