Volume 380, Number 1, December II 2001
|Page(s)||168 - 176|
|Section||Interstellar and circumstellar matter|
|Published online||15 December 2001|
Blue irregular variable stars in the Small Magellanic Cloud from EROS2: Herbig Ae/Be or classical Be stars?*
Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, 98bis boulevard Arago, 75014 Paris, France
2 Astronomical Institute, University of Utrecht, Princetonplein 5, 3584 CC, Utrecht, The Netherlands
3 SRON Laboratory for Space Research, Sorbonnelaan 2, 3584 CA, Utrecht, The Netherlands
4 CEA, DSM, DAPNIA, Centre d'Études de Saclay, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette, Cedex, France
5 ESO La Silla, casilla 19001, Santiago 19, Chile
6 Laboratoire de l'Accélérateur Linéaire, IN2P3 CNRS, Université de Paris-Sud, 91405 Orsay Cedex, France
7 Astronomical Observatory, Copenhagen University, Juliane Maries Vej 30, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
8 DESPA, Observatoire de Paris section Meudon, 1 place Jules Janssen, Meudon Cedex 92195, France
9 Departments of Astronomy and Physics, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
10 Collège de France, 11 place Marcelin-Bertherlot, 75231 Paris Cedex 05, France
11 Observatoire de Marseille, 2 Pl. Le Verrier, 13248 Marseille Cedex 04, France
Corresponding author: J. P. Beaulieu, firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 14 September 2001
Using data from the EROS2 microlensing survey, we report the discovery of two blue objects with irregular photometric behaviour of -0.4 mag on time scales of 20 to 200 days. They show a bluer when fainter behaviour. Subsequent spectra taken with the ESO 3.6 m telescope show spectral type B4eIII and B2eIV-V with strong emission. These objects resemble the Herbig AeBe but also classical Be stars. At this stage, it is not possible to distinguish unambiguously between pre-main sequence and classical Be nature. If we favour the pre-main sequence interpretation, they are more luminous than the luminosity upper limit for Galactic HAeBe stars. The same was found for the HAeBe candidates in the LMC. This might be due to a shorter accretion time scale (), or the smaller dust content during the pre-main sequence evolution of SMC and LMC stars. Further studies on a larger scale of the environment and IR properties of the stars are needed.
Key words: stars: emission line, Be / stars: pre-main sequence / stars: variables: general / gravitational lensing / galaxies: individual: SMC
© ESO, 2001
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.