Volume 379, Number 2, November IV 2001
|Page(s)||708 - 734|
|Section||Numerical methods and codes|
|Published online||15 November 2001|
Solar EUV spectroscopic observations with SOHO/CDS
I. An in-flight calibration study
Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
2 Centre for Astrophysics, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, UK
3 Naval Research Laboratory, Washington DC, USA
4 Dipartimento di Astronomia e Scienza dello Spazio, Università di Firenze, Firenze, Italy
Corresponding author: G. Del Zanna, G.Del-Zanna@damtp.cam.ac.uk
Accepted: 29 August 2001
An in-flight calibration study of the Coronal Diagnostic Spectrometer (CDS) instrument on board SOHO (Solar and Heliospheric Observatory) is presented. The relative intensity calibration of CDS is a fundamental requirement for deriving important physical parameters of the solar transition region and corona from the observations. This comprehensive study provides the first complete in-flight relative calibration of all nine CDS channels, first and second order. This has been achieved with the use of a spectroscopic calibration method, mainly based on the comparison between observed line ratios and theoretical predictions provided by the CHIANTI atomic database. The calibration method has been applied to a large number of observations (on-disc, off-limb, quiet sun, active region), to enable the use of a wide range of spectral lines from low to high temperatures of formation. The results are compared to the pre-launch calibration and other post-launch studies. Significant differences with the ground calibration results are found, while there is good agreement with the post-launch studies, based on rocket flights. It is also shown that the relative calibration has not significantly changed over a long period of time, thus confirming the excellent stability of the CDS instrument.
Key words: Sun: corona / techniques: spectroscopic
© ESO, 2001
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