Volume 375, Number 2, August IV 2001
|Page(s)||673 - 679|
|Published online||15 August 2001|
Modified rate equations revisited. A corrected treatment for diffusive reactions on grain surfaces
Department of Physics, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
2 Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Largo Enrico Fermi 5, 50125 Firenze, Italy
3 Department of Astronomy, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
Corresponding author: Eric Herbst, firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 12 June 2001
It is well known that the rate equations for diffusive reactions on grain surfaces can be inappropriate under certain circumstances because they do not take the discrete nature of grains into account. A previous modification of the rate equations developed by us to treat surface chemistry on grains more accurately contains an error in the probability of evaporation from grain surfaces. With the rate of evaporation handled correctly, we show for a simple system in which only O and H atoms accrete on grain surfaces and react to form H2, OH, and O2 that the modified rate method is in reasonable agreement with a corrected Monte Carlo approach through 20 K and in excellent agreement with a new master equation approach at 10 K.
Key words: ISM: abundances / ISM: molecules / ISM: dust, extinction
© ESO, 2001
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