EDP Sciences
Free Access
Volume 375, Number 1, August III 2001
Page(s) 130 - 144
Section Formation, structure and evolution of stars
DOI https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20010842
Published online 15 August 2001

A&A 375, 130-144 (2001)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20010842

New low-mass pre-main sequence spectroscopic binaries in Orion

E. Covino1, C. Melo2, J. M. Alcalá1, G. Torres3, M. Fernández4, A. Frasca5 and R. Paladino1

1  Osservatorio Astronomico di Capodimonte, Via Moiariello, 16, 80131 Napoli, Italy
2  Observatoire de Genève, 51 ch. des Maillettes, 1290 Sauverny, Switzerland
3  Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge MA 02138, USA
4  Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía, Apdo. 3004, 18080 Granada, Spain
5  Osservatorio Astrofisico di Catania, Via S. Sofia, 78, Città Universitaria, 95125, Catania, Italy

(Received 19 February 2001 / Accepted 1 June 2001 )

We report the results of a high-resolution spectroscopic monitoring campaign on low-mass pre-main sequence spectroscopic binaries, discovered recently in the general direction of the Orion star-forming region, based on ROSAT all-sky survey X-ray observations. Also included in the present study are two binaries recognized in the course of optical follow-up observations of X-ray sources in a selected sky strip crossing the Orion SFR perpendicular to the galactic plane. Orbital elements for the six double-lined spectroscopic binaries are derived from the analysis of the radial velocities of the components. The orbital periods span from 3 to 47 days. In addition, through a matching of the binary composite spectrum with synthetic binary spectra, we estimate spectral types and luminosity ratios for the components and derive lithium abundances for individual binary components. Using the estimated stellar parameters combined with kinematical information and lithium abundance determinations, we examine the evolutionary status of the objects. We then use the minimum masses derived from the solution of the spectroscopic orbits for the systems of confirmed PMS nature to make comparisons with current theoretical pre-main sequence evolutionary tracks, and attempt to set constraints on some of the most frequently used models.

Key words: stars: binaries: spectroscopic -- stars: pre-main sequence -- stars: low-mass, brown dwarfs -- stars: fundamental parameters

Offprint request: E. Covino, covino@na.astro.it

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