Temporal and spatial variations of the quiet upper chromosphere from SOHO/SUMER observations of hydrogen Lyman lines
Indian Institute of Astrophysics, Bangalore 560 034, India
2 Max-Planck-Institut für Aeronomie, 37191 Katlenburg-Lindau, Germany
Corresponding author: R. Kariyappa, email@example.com
Accepted: 9 April 2001
We have analyzed a time series of spectra in the hydrogen Lyman lines and the Lyman continuum obtained by the Solar Ultraviolet Measurements of Emitted Radiation (SUMER) spectrometer on the SOlar Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO). The time series of about 2 hours and 22 min was obtained on 1999 March 9 in a quiet region near the center of the solar disk. For our analysis, we have selected a Lyman continuum window around 907 Å, and the five Lyman lines: Ly5 (937.8 Å), Ly7 (926.2 Å), Ly9 (920.9 Å), Ly11 (918.1 Å), and Ly15 (915.3 Å). We derived the central intensity of these lines for a large number of locations over the network and inter-network regions. We found from their line-center intensity time series and from the power spectrum analysis that the network and inter-network regions at the upper chromosphere are associated with 5-7 min and 3-min period of intensity oscillations, respectively. Phase difference analysis shows that there is a preponderance of upward-propagating waves in the upper chromosphere. The phase velocity was estimated to be roughly 4-5 km s-1 in the network regions. In addition, a Fast Fourier analysis has been performed in the spatial domain, all along the slit length used, for all the spectra and for the total duration of the observations. We have detected significant periodic spatial variations with Fourier transform power peaks around 9-10 arcsec and at 4 arcsec. They correspond to the scale of mesogranulation structure and the width of the supergranular boundary, respectively. This provides evidence for the existence of a meso-scale in the upper chromosphere, of the same size as observed in the photosphere and lower chromosphere by earlier studies. We notice that the size (9-10 arcsec) of the meso-scale structures appears to be the same in all Lyman lines and in the continuum, which are formed at different depths in the chromosphere.
Key words: Sun: chromosphere / Sun: oscillations
© ESO, 2001