Volume 374, Number 1, July IV 2001
|Page(s)||66 - 72|
|Section||Cosmology (including clusters of galaxies)|
|Published online||15 July 2001|
Discovery of an absorbed cluster of galaxies (XMMU J183225.4-103645) close to the Galactic plane with XMM-Newton
Astrophysics Division, Space Science Department of ESA, ESTEC, Postbus 299, 2200 AG Noordwijk, The Netherlands
2 Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leicester, University Road, Leicester LE1 7RH, UK
Corresponding author: J. Nevalainen, firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 3 May 2001
During an XMM-Newton observation of the galactic supernova remnant G21.5-09 a bright, previously uncatalogued, source (XMMU J183225.4-103645) was detected 18´from G21.5-09. The European Photon Imaging Camera data inside 1´(180 kpc) radius are consistent with a source at a redshift of with an optically thin thermal spectrum of temperature keV and a metal abundance of solar. This model gives a 2-10 keV luminosity of erg s-1. These characteristics, as well as the source extent of 20 (350 kpc), and the surface brightness profile are consistent with emission from the central region of a moderately rich cluster containing a cooling flow with mass flow rate of - yr-1. The absorption is atom cm-2, 5 times that inferred from low-resolution HI data but consistent with higher spatial resolution infrared dust extinction estimates. XMMU J183225.4-103645 is not visible in earlier ROSAT observations due to high amount of absorption. This discovery demonstrates the capability of XMM-Newton to map the cluster distribution close to the Galactic plane, where few such systems are known. The ability of XMM-Newton to determine cluster redshifts to 1% precision at is especially important in optically crowded and absorbed fields such as close to the Galactic plane, where the optical redshift measurements of galaxies are difficult.
Key words: galaxies: clusters: individual: XMMU J183225.4 / 103645 / galaxies: intergalactic medium / X-rays: galaxies: clusters
© ESO, 2001
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