This article has an erratum: [https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20011096]
Volume 373, Number 3, July III 2001
|Page(s)||1073 - 1082|
|Section||Planets and planetary systems|
|Published online||15 July 2001|
Coronal electron acceleration and relativistic proton production during the 14 July 2000 flare and CME
DASOP, CNRS-UMR 8645, Observatoire de Paris, Section de Meudon, 92195 Meudon, France
2 Institut d'Astrophysique Spatiale, Université Paris-Sud-CNRS, Bât. 121, 91405 Orsay, France
Corresponding author: K.-L. Klein, Ludwig.Klein@obspm.fr
Accepted: 27 April 2001
The large solar flare of 14 July 2000 10 UT occurred in an active region near the central meridian. It was accompanied by the eruption of a filament and a rapid halo-type coronal mass ejection (CME). Large particle fluxes were detected up to relativistic energies at 1 AU. In this paper accelerated particles and plasma structures in the corona are traced using radio, X-ray, EUV and visible light observations, together with neutron monitor measurements of relativistic protons at 1 AU. Both the bulk of the radio emission at decimetric and longer waves and the escape of suprathermal electrons and relativistic protons from the Sun were delayed by 10-20 min with respect to the hard X-ray emission. Despite the delay and the association with a flare near the central meridian the neutron monitor time profile was impulsive. We show that the escape of the relativistic protons occurred in time coincident both with a coronal shock wave, which may be the bow shock of the CME, and with radio sources which trace electron acceleration and magnetic field reconfiguration in the western hemisphere. Three observations support the idea that the relativistic protons were accelerated during this reconfiguration, at heights between 0.1 and above the photosphere, and not in the flaring active region or at the bow shock of the CME: (i) the rise of the neutron monitor count rates is simultaneous with the brightening of a new continuum radio source; (ii) the duration of the continuum emission is similar to the rise time of the neutron monitor count rates; (iii) the radio source is close to the Earth-connected interplanetary magnetic field line.
Key words: Sun: activity; flares; particle emission; radio radiation
© ESO, 2001
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