Volume 370, Number 3, May II 2001
|Page(s)||1122 - 1127|
|Section||Numerical methods and codes|
|Published online||15 May 2001|
Mass and density determinations of 140 Siwa and 4979 Otawara as expected from the Rosetta flybys
Institut für Geophysik und Meteorologie, Universität zu Köln, Albertus-Magnus-Platz, 50923 Köln, Germany e-mail: wennmach@geo.Uni-Koeln.DE
2 Institut für Raumfahrttechnik, Universität der Bundeswehr München, 85557 Neubiberg, Germany e-mail: Bernd.Haeusler@UniBW-Muenchen.DE; werner.eidel@UniBW-Muenchen.DE
3 ESA-ESOC, Robert-Bosch-Str. 5, 64293 Darmstadt, Germany e-mail: email@example.com
4 Max-Planck-Institut für Aeronomie, 37189 Katlenburg-Lindau, Germany e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
5 Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Caltech, 4800 Oak Grove drive, Pasadena, CA 91107, USA e-mail: John.D.Anderson@jpl.nasa.gov
Corresponding author: M. Pätzold, paetzold@geo.Uni-Koeln.DE
Accepted: 13 February 2001
During its interplanetary cruise to comet P/Wirtanen, the Rosetta spacecraft will encounter the asteroids 4979 Otawara and 140 Siwa on 11 July 2006 and 24 July 2008, respectively. The objective of the Rosetta Radio Science Investigations (RSI) experiment at these flybys is a determination of the asteroid's mass and bulk density by analyzing the radio tracking data (Doppler and range) received from Rosetta before, during and after closest approach. The spacecraft's flyby trajectory will be gravitationally deflected by an amount proportional to the mass of the asteroid for a given flyby distance and velocity. An analysis of the Doppler noise sources indicates that the mass can be determined to an accuracy of 1% for 140 Siwa. The corresponding bulk density show be accurate to 20% . Unfortunately, a detectable trajectory perturbation seems to be hopeless for Otawara because of its small size and the large nominal flyby distance.
Key words: asteroids: mass / asteroids: individual: Siwa, Otawara
© ESO, 2001
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