Lensing Sunyaev-Zel'dovich clusters
Max-Planck-Institut für Astrophysik, PO Box 1317, 85741 Garching, Germany
Accepted: 22 February 2001
Full-sky microwave surveys like the upcoming Planck satellite mission will detect of order 104 galaxy clusters through their thermal Sunyaev-Zel'dovich effect. I investigate the properties of the gravitationally lensing subsample of these clusters. The main results are: (1) The combined sample comprises 70% of the complete sample. (2) It is confined to redshifts , and to masses . (3) Using a particular measure for the weak lensing effect, viz. the aperture mass, cluster masses can be determined with a relative accuracy of ~20% if their density profile is known. Consequently, the mass function of the combined sample can accurately be measured. (4) For low-density universes, I predict a sharp peak in the measured (aperture) mass function near and explain its origin, showing that the peak will be absent in high-density universes. (5) The location of the peak and the exponential decrease of the mass function on its high-mass side will allow the determination of the amplitude of the dark-matter power spectrum on the cluster scale and the baryon fraction in clusters, and constrain the thermal history of the intracluster gas.
Key words: galaxies: clusters: general / cosmic microwave background / gravitational lensing
© ESO, 2001