Volume 370, Number 1, April IV 2001
|Page(s)||176 - 193|
|Section||Interstellar and circumstellar matter|
|Published online||15 April 2001|
The AGB phase-transition outside the local group: K-band observations of young star clusters in NGC 7252
Universitäts-Sternwarte der Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, Scheinerstr. 1, 81679 München, Germany
2 European Southern Observatory, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 2, 85748 Garching, Germany e-mail: email@example.com
3 University of California Observatories / Lick Observatory, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
4 Havard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden St., Cambridge, MA 02138, USA e-mail: email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org
Corresponding author: C. Maraston, email@example.com
Accepted: 26 January 2001
We have extended the study of the young star clusters observed in the merger remnant galaxy NGC 7252 by obtaining K band photometry for these clusters. Our K band data significantly complement the optical photometry and spectroscopy in the literature: K band data are fundamental to study the Asymptotic Giant Branch (AGB) population of these clusters, since the AGB phase transition (occuring between the age of ~200 Myr and ~1 Gyr) causes abrupt changes in the near-infrared luminosity of the clusters while producing only small changes in the optical. Therefore, the e.g. colour is ideal to study this evolutionary phase of stellar populations. For the present analysis we present models for Simple Stellar Populations which include the contribution of the AGB stellar phase, calibrated with the young and intermediate age star clusters of the Magellanic Clouds. The comparison with the colour distribution of the NGC 7252 star clusters shows that they are indeed intermediate age clusters undergoing the AGB phase transition. The AGB phase transition is observed for the first time outside the Local Group. Most of the studied clusters span the very narrow age range Myr, and likely have metallicities 0.5-. A very important exception is the cluster W32, which has already completed its AGB epoch, its colours being consistent with an age of ~1-2 Gyr. This impacts on the duration of the merger-induced starburst. The strengths of the magnesium and iron lines in the spectrum of the best observed cluster W3, and in the spectrum of the diffuse central light of NGC 7252, do not show an overabundance in α-elements, in contrast to the bulk stellar population of elliptical galaxies.
Key words: galaxies: star clusters: stellar content: interactions / stars: AGB and post-AGB / stars: evolution
© ESO, 2001
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