Volume 369, Number 3, April III 2001
|Page(s)||882 - 888|
|Section||Interstellar and circumstellar matter|
|Published online||15 April 2001|
Solar-type cycles of the secondary stars in cataclysmic variables
University of Istanbul, Faculty of Science, Department of Astronomy and Space Sciences, 34452, University, Istanbul, Turkey
2 Istanbul University Observatory Research and Application Center, 34452, University, Istanbul, Turkey
3 American Association of Variable Star Observers, 25 Birch Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Corresponding author: T. Ak, email@example.com
Accepted: 19 December 2000
We found cyclical variations in the quiescent magnitudes and outburst intervals of 21 dwarf novae, 1 nova and 1 nova-like star produced by the solar-type cycles of the late-type secondary components. More than 70% of individual systems in this work are first studied by Fourier periodogram analysis. It seems that the mean cycle amplitudes of the quiescent magnitudes are considerably larger for SU UMa stars. Cyclical modulations of quiescent magnitudes found for the stars, which have orbital periods below the period gap, support the hypothesis that even almost fully convective secondaries may possess activity cycles. The estimated probability density functions show peaks at 9.7, 7.9 and 8.6 yrs for cataclysmic variables (CVs), single main-sequence stars (MS) and all stars (CVs+MS), respectively. Using a larger set of data, we confirm that there is no correlation of the cycle period with the rotational regime of the secondary star. It is also confirmed that cycle periods of CVs are in the range of those of single main-sequence stars. We note that the observational cycle parameters (i.e. cycle period, Pcyc, and cycle amplitude of quiescent magnitudes, ) do not seem in relation with any other parameter such as masses of primary and secondary stars, mean outburst interval, mean outburst duration, mean decline and rise rate of outbursts, absolute magnitudes in quiescent and outburst states etc.
Key words: stars: cataclysmic variables / stars: activity
© ESO, 2001
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