Volume 368, Number 2, March III 2001
|Page(s)||689 - 699|
|Section||Celestial mechanics and astrometry|
|Published online||15 March 2001|
A fluorescence model of the C3 radical in comets*
Observatoire de Besançon, BP 1615, 25010 Besançon Cedex, France
2 Université de Liège, Institut d'Astrophysique, 4000 Liège, Belgium
3 Inst. for Space Sensor Techn. and Planetary Expl., Rutherfordstrasse 2, Berlin, Germany
4 Univ. of Texas, Astronomy Dept., Austin, TX 78712-1083, USA
5 Max-Planck Institut für Astronomie, Königstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany
6 Queen's University, Physics Dept. BT7 1NN, Belfast, UK
Corresponding author: P. Rousselot, firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 22 December 2000
Theoretical resonance fluorescence calculations are presented of the triatomic C3 radical and are compared with observations of the C3 emission in comets Hale-Bopp and de Vico. A theoretical model of the C3 vibration-rotational structure in the electronic system is introduced. The model takes into account the detailed structure of the bending mode which is responsible for the emission of the 4050 Ågroup. A total of 1959 levels are considered, with 515 levels in the ground state. The main effort is to model high-resolution spectra of the 4050 Å emission in comets C/1995 O1 Hale-Bopp and 122P/1995 S1 de Vico. The agreement between observed and theoretical spectra is good for a value of the dipole moment derivative of Debye Å-1. The modeled C3 emission exhibits a pronounced Swings effect.
Key words: molecular data / comets: general / comets: individual: C/1995 O1 Hale-Bopp / comets: individual: 122 P/1995 S1 de Vico
Based on observations made with William Herschel Telescope operated on the island of La Palma by the Isaac Newton Group in the Spanish Observatorio del Roque de los Muchachos of the Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias, and on observations made at the McDonald Observatory, which is operated by the University of Texas at Austin, USA.
© ESO, 2001
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