Volume 368, Number 1, March II 2001
|Page(s)||239 - 249|
|Section||Interstellar and circumstellar matter|
|Published online||15 March 2001|
The peculiar cluster HS 327 in the Large Magellanic Cloud: Can OH/IR stars and carbon stars be twins?*
Institute of Astronomy, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK
2 UMIST, PO Box 88, Manchester M60 1QD, UK
3 Astronomical Institute, University of Amsterdam, Kruislaan 403, 1098 SJ Amsterdam, The Netherlands
4 Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, 98bis Boulevard Arago, 75014 Paris, France
5 ISO Data Centre, Astrophysics Div., Science Dept. of ESA, Villafranca del Castillo, PO Box 50727, 28080 Madrid, Spain
Corresponding author: J. Th. van Loon, firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 19 December 2000
The obscured OH/IR star IRAS 05298-6957 in the LMC was recently noticed to be member of the small double cluster HS 327 that also contains a carbon star (van Loon, et al. [CITE], A& A, 329, 169). Hence they are coeval and have (nearly) the same progenitor mass, which can only be understood if Hot Bottom Burning (HBB) has prevented IRAS 05298-6957 from being a carbon star. We present extensive visual and near-IR photometric data for > 104 stars in and around HS 327, and spectroscopic data for some of the brightest AGB stars amongst these. Colour-magnitude diagrams are used to estimate the age for the cluster and its members, and luminosities are derived for the stars for which spectra have been obtained. The age for IRAS 05298-6957 and the carbon star is estimated to be ∼ 200 Myr. This corresponds to a Main-Sequence progenitor mass ∼4.0 -the first direct measurement of the lower mass threshold for HBB. This agrees with stellar evolution models that, however, fail to reproduce the low luminosity of the carbon star.
Key words: stars: carbon / stars: evolution / stars: AGB and post-AGB / open clusters and associations: general / Magellanic Clouds / infrared: stars
© ESO, 2001
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