Volume 366, Number 2, February I 2001
|Page(s)||676 - 685|
|Section||Planets and planetary systems|
|Published online||15 February 2001|
Millimeter-radio, SOHO/EIT 171 Å features and the polar faculae in the polar zones of the Sun
Tuorla Observatory, 21500 Piikkiö, Finland
2 Metsähovi Radio Observatory, Helsinki Univ. of Technology, Espoo, Finland
3 Department of Physics, University of Turku, Finland
4 Pulkovo Astronomical Observatory, St. Petersburg, Russia
Corresponding author: A. Riehokainen, firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 13 November 2000
In this work we study different manifestations of activity in the polar zones of the Sun in order to gain understanding on the phenomenon of enhanced radio temperature regions (ETR) at high solar latitudes. We have obtained simultaneous radio and optical data during 9 days in 1997. The radio data from the Metsähovi radio telescope, Finland, consisted of 37 GHz and 87 GHz solar maps. White light observations at the Kislovodsk solar mountain station in Russia were used to measure the coordinates of polar faculae groups and diffuse bright structures. We also compared our data with the 171 ÅEUV SOHO/EIT images for the same time periods. We find the ETRs in general coincide with the relatively dark areas seen in the SOHO/EIT images. Bright structures in the SOHO/EIT maps are, in general, encircled by the polar faculae groups and diffuse bright structures visible in white light. Some of the EUV bright structures appear to be bases of solar plumes. Connections between ETRs and polar faculae are complicated; sometimes polar faculae groups and diffuse bright structures are situated around the ETR maxima or at their borders, sometimes we see the polar faculae groups distributed over the whole ETR area. Some faint ETRs appear to have no associated polar faculae. However, in general there is a correlation between the ETRs, the polar faculae groups, and the bright structures (bases of the plumes and some other features), indicating that they are different manifestations of the same underlying activity. It is possible that magnetic loops in the active areas, traced by the polar faculae, are responsible for the observed radio enhancements.
Key words: Sun: radio radiation; UV radiation; activity; faculae, plages
© ESO, 2001
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