Volume 366, Number 1, January IV 2001
|Page(s)||54 - 61|
|Section||Cosmology (including clusters of galaxies)|
|Published online||15 January 2001|
Anomalous surface brightness fluctuations in NGC 4489*
Observatoire Midi-Pyrénées, 14 Av. E. Belin, 31400 Toulouse, France
2 European Southern Observatory, Karl-Schwarzschild-Strasse 2, 85748 Garching, Germany
Corresponding author: S. Mei, email@example.com
Accepted: 30 October 2000
Anomalously high K-band surface brightness fluctuations (SBF) have been reported in NGC 4489 by Pahre & Mould ([CITE]), Jensen et al. ([CITE]) and Jensen et al. ([CITE]). However, these conclusions were uncertain because of relatively low signal-to-noise data. New high signal-to-noise data for NGC 4489 have been obtained at the NOAO/KPNO 2.1 m and the ESO/La Silla 3.5 m NTT telescopes. Adopting the I-band SBF distance modulus determined by Tonry et al. ([CITE]) and the versus () calibration of Tonry et al. ([CITE]), a value of mag was derived. Relative to the average empirical derived for giant ellipticals by Jensen et al. ([CITE]) ( mag), the detection of an anomalous K-band SBF in NGC 4489 is confirmed at the two sigma level. Such anomalous fluctuations could be caused by an extended giant branch, consisting of either intermediate-age AGB stars above the tip of the first-ascent giant branch or high-metallicity first-ascent giants, or by lack of a full understanding of the K-band SBF calibration. This result raises questions about the accuracy of K-band SBF distance measurements for elliptical galaxies with unknown stellar composition and underscores the need for measurements over a larger range of color and luminosity.
Key words: galaxies: distances and redshift / individual: NGC 4489
© ESO, 2001
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