Rate coefficients for the reactions of C(P) atoms with C2H2, C2H4, CH3CCH and H2CCCH2 at temperatures down to 15 K
School of Chemistry, The University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
Corresponding author: I. W. M. Smith, email@example.com
Accepted: 11 October 2000
Rate coefficients for the reactions of ground state carbon atoms, C(3PJ), with the four unsaturated hydrocarbons C2H2, C2H4, and have been measured at temperatures down to 15 K. The experiments have been performed in a continuous flow CRESU (Cinétique de Réaction en Écoulement Supersonique Uniforme) apparatus using pulsed laser photolysis of C3O2 to generate C(3PJ) atoms and laser-induced fluorescence in the vacuum ultraviolet to observe the kinetic decays of the atoms and hence determine the rate coefficients. All four reactions are found to occur at rates close to the collision-determined limit and the rates show at most a very mild dependence on temperature. It is argued that normally these reactions proceed along a reaction path with no barrier to form a strongly bound energised adduct, which subsequently eliminates an H atom to form the reaction products. The rates of the reactions of C(3PJ) atoms with larger unsaturated hydrocarbons are discussed. Finally, the relevance of the results for the chemistry of dense interstellar clouds is considered.
Key words: molecular data -molecular processes -methods: laboratory -ISM: clouds
© ESO, 2001