Planck 2018 results
Free Access

Fig. 29.

image

Constraints on a non-flat universe as a minimal extension to the base-ΛCDM model. Points show samples from the Planck TT,TE,EE+lowE chains coloured by the value of the Hubble parameter and with transparency proportional to the sample weight. Dashed lines show the corresponding 68% and 95% confidence contours that close away from the flat model (vertical line), while dotted lines are the equivalent contours from the alternative CamSpec likelihood. The solid dashed line shows the constraint from adding Planck lensing, which pulls the result back towards consistency with flat (within 2σ). The filled contour shows the result of also adding BAO data, which makes the full joint constraint very consistent with a flat universe.

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