Constraints on a non-flat universe as a minimal extension to the base-ΛCDM model. Points show samples from the Planck TT,TE,EE+lowE chains coloured by the value of the Hubble parameter and with transparency proportional to the sample weight. Dashed lines show the corresponding 68% and 95% confidence contours that close away from the flat model (vertical line), while dotted lines are the equivalent contours from the alternative CamSpec likelihood. The solid dashed line shows the constraint from adding Planck lensing, which pulls the result back towards consistency with flat (within 2σ). The filled contour shows the result of also adding BAO data, which makes the full joint constraint very consistent with a flat universe.
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.