Planck 2018 results
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Fig. 14.

image

Constraints on the growth rate of fluctuations from various redshift surveys in the base-ΛCDM model: dark cyan, 6dFGS and velocities from SNe Ia (Huterer et al. 2017); green, 6dFGRS (Beutler et al. 2012); purple square, SDSS MGS (Howlett et al. 2015); cyan cross, SDSS LRG (Oka et al. 2014); dark red, GAMA (Blake et al. 2013); red, BOSS DR12 (Alam et al. 2017); blue, WiggleZ (Blake et al. 2012); olive, VIPERS (Pezzotta et al. 2017); dark blue, FastSound (Okumura et al. 2016); and orange, BOSS DR14 quasars (Zarrouk et al. 2018). Where measurements are reported in correlation with other variables, we here show the marginalized posterior means and errors. Grey bands show the 68% and 95% confidence ranges allowed by Planck TT,TE,EE+lowE+lensing.

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