Acoustic-scale distance measurements divided by the corresponding mean distance ratio from Planck TT,TE,EE+lowE+lensing in the base-ΛCDM model. The points, with their 1σ error bars are as follows: green star, 6dFGS (Beutler et al. 2011); magenta square, SDSS MGS (Ross et al. 2015); red triangles, BOSS DR12 (Alam et al. 2017); small blue circles, WiggleZ (as analysed by Kazin et al. 2014); large dark blue triangle, DES (DES Collaboration 2019); cyan cross, DR14 LRG (Bautista et al. 2018); red circle, SDSS quasars (Ata et al. 2018); and orange hexagon, which shows the combined BAO constraints from BOSS DR14 Lyman-α (de Sainte Agathe et al. 2019) and Lyman-α cross-correlation with quasars, as cited in Blomqvist et al. (2019). The green point with magenta dashed line is the 6dFGS and MGS joint analysis result of Carter et al. (2018). All ratios are for the averaged distance DV(z), except for DES and BOSS Lyman-α, where the ratio plotted is DM (results for H(z) are shown separately in Fig. 16). The grey bands show the 68% and 95% confidence ranges allowed for the ratio DV(z)/rdrag by Planck TT,TE,EE+lowE+lensing (bands for DM/rdrag are very similar).
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