Open Access

Fig. 18


Top to bottom: cosmic-ray flux-weighted mean Mach number , CR flux-weighted mean CR-to-thermal pressure ratio XCR, and dissipated energy flux-weighted efficiencies , and ζ(θB) as a function of time for the simulation with (red) and without (green) obliquity dependency. We recall that η0 = 0.1 is used in those simulations and that ξ is a function of and XCR as extrapolated from the values of Kang & Ryu (2013).

Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.

Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.

Initial download of the metrics may take a while.