Force ratio FPh∕FD under the assumption that I = L∕(4πr2). The solid lines correspond to the force ratio calculated from the normal model (fd = 10−1 and α = 10−3), and the dashed lines are the dust-poor model (fd = 10−6 and α = 10−2). The vertical lines represent the location of the light barrier. The line colors represent the mass accretion rate (Ṁ = 10−7MJ yr−1 for blue, Ṁ = 10−8MJ yr−1 for pink, andṀ = 10−9MJ yr−1 for green). As a reference, the current orbit of Io is r = 5.9 RJ.
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.