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Fig. 4


Evolution of the orbital distance of a Jupiter-mass planet with an initial SMA of 0.03 au (top panel), δProt (middle panel), and the stellar rotation period (bottom panel) during the evolution of a 1.0 M star with four different initial rotation rates: one, three, six, and eight days from darkish to greyish coloured lines, respectively. In the upper panel, the dotted lines correspond to the Porb = 1∕2 Prot,⋆ limit, the red dashed line is the Roche lobe limit, and the red dashed-dotted line is the stellar radius.

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