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Fig. 11


Four-year average surface temperature maps of TRAPPIST-1e endowed with atmospheres made of N2 and 376 ppm of CO2, and for various atmospheric pressures (10 mbar, 0.1 bar, 1 bar, 4 bars, and 10 bars). Solid line contours correspond to the delimitation between surface liquid water and sea water ice. The figure in the bottom right panel indicates in blue, black and red the minimum, mean, and maximum surface temperatures, respectively. We note that the planets were assumed to be initially cold (T = 210 K everywhere) and completely covered by water ice.

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