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Table 1

Observational constraints on f (number of 1–10 MJ planets per star) vs. orbital separation.

Semimajor axes (AU) Reference
0.07–0.33 0.008 Bonfils et al. (2013)
0.5–10.0 0.063 ± 0.0375 Cassan et al. (2012)
0–20 0.0625 ± 0.03 Montet et al. (2014)
10–100 <0.100 ± 0.001b Bowler et al. (2015)
8–400 0.022 Lannier et al. (2016)

Notes. (a) Assuming the planet mass function of Cassan et al. (2012). (b) For cold-start models, <0.154 ± 0.002.

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