Mass-loss determination in Prad–Pgas plane. The plot is analogous to Fig. 1, but now the black dashed line indicates the sonic-point conditions of an optically thick wind with an adopted terminal wind velocity of ν∞ = 1800 km s-1 following Eq. (27). Again, the circle indicates the innermost intersection point of Eq. (25) with the static envelope solution. Given the values of Prad and Pgas at the intersection point, Ṁ can be determined from Eq. (7).
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