Constraints on the growth rate of fluctuations from various redshift surveys in the base ΛCDM model: green star (6dFGRS, Beutler et al. 2012); purple square (SDSS MGS, Howlett et al. 2015); cyan cross (SDSS LRG, Oka et al. 2014); red triangle (BOSS LOWZ survey, Gil-Marín et al. 2016); large red circle (BOSS CMASS, as analysed by Samushia et al. 2014); blue circles (WiggleZ, Blake et al. 2012); and green diamond (VIPERS, de la Torre et al. 2013). The points with dashed red error bars correspond to alternative analyses of BOSS CMASS from Beutler et al. (2014a, small circle, offset for clarity) and Chuang et al. (2016, small square). Of the BOSS CMASS points, two are based on the same DR11 data set (Samushia et al. 2014; Beutler et al. 2014a), while the third is based on the more recent DR12 (Chuang et al. 2016), and are therefore not independent. The grey bands show the range allowed by Planck TT+lowP+lensing in the base ΛCDM model. Where available (for SDSS MGS and BOSS), we have plotted conditional constraints on fσ8 assuming a PlanckΛCDM background cosmology. The WiggleZ points are plotted conditional on the mean Planck cosmology prediction for FAP (evaluated using the covariance between fσ8 and FAP given in Blake et al. 2012). The 6dFGS point is at sufficiently low redshift that it is insensitive to the cosmology.
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