Shadows cast on a flat (top panels) and flared (bottom) disk in clockwise rotation and with an outer radius of 400 au. The coloured curves indicate shadowing by clumps orbiting at rrim = 0.1 au and with instantaneous orbital phases of θrim = 0, π/ 2, π, and 3π/ 2 rad. The panels, from left to right, show i = 0°, 10°, 45°, 60°, and 80°. Additional circles in the bottom row show the midplane and downward-facing edge of the disk.
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.