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Fig. 3


Same as Fig. 2, but now for a 12 MJup planet. Note that the accretion disk is substantially larger than in the 1 MJup case. a) The H2O ice line appears much later than in the Jovian scenario, here at 1.334 Myr. The planetary accretion rate is about 103MGan Myr-1 and viscous heating is dominant in this phase. b) Once the planetary accretion rate has dropped to 10 MGan Myr-1 at 1.43 Myr, the H2O ice line is at a similar location as in the Jupiter-like scenario, that is, between the orbits of Europa and Ganymede.

This figure is made of several images, please see below:

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