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Fig. 10

image

Total instantaneous mass of solids in circumplanetary accretion disks in units of Ganymede masses and as a function of stellar distance. Labels indicate two different values for shut, and different line types refer to different disk opacities (see legend). Black dashed lines in both panels indicate our fiducial reference disk. a) The 1 MJup test planet starts to have increasingly large amounts of solids only beyond 4.5 AU, depending on the accretion rate and disk opacity. The red dashed line indicates our fit as per Eq. (1). b) The 12 MJup test planet starts to contain substantial amounts of solids as close as about 3.1 AU to the star, owed to its larger disk.

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