Internal kinematic misalignment between the receding PA (PAkin,rec) and approaching (PAkin,app) kinematic position angle against the stellar mass for the stellar (left panel) and the ionised gas components (right panel). In each panel the green-filled circles represent the unbarred galaxies, blue diamonds correspond to weakly barred galaxies and violet squares represent the barred galaxies. Open circles represent the early-type galaxies. Dashed lines represent the 2σ dispersion of the sample (~15°). Labels indicate the 3σ outliers. Error bars are determined from Monte Carlo simulations.
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