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Fig. 10

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Increase in the signal-to-noise ratio (S/N) of the pulsar PSR B1530+27 as a function of the number of coherently (squares) and incoherently (triangles) added HBA sub-stations in the LOFAR core. The S/N is seen to increase linearly (solid line) in the case of coherent addition and as the square-root (dashed line) of the number of stations in the case of incoherent addition – as expected for sources that do not contribute significantly to the system temperature. Coherently and incoherently summed data were acquired simultaneously in 11 separate observations that summed between 1 to 42 HBA sub-stations. Note that the typical error on the S/N measurements is ~10% and these measurements are also systematically affected by the intrinsic brightness of the source (pulse-to-pulse brightness variations) as well as RFI.

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