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Table 12

Literature sources of high-resolution (R  ≥  1500) [Fe/H] ratios of open clusters together with the resolution, signal-to-noise ratios, number of stars, and method used in each of them.

Cluster [Fe/H] Resolution S/N N. Star Method References

Be 17 –0.10  ±  0.09 25000  ≥ 80 3 giant EW1 Friel et al. (2005)
Be 20 –0.48  ±  0.08 28 000  ≥ 50 2 giant EW Yong et al. (2005)
–0.30  ±  0.02 45 000  ≥ 35 2 giant EW Sestito et al. (2008)
Be 21 –0.54  ±  0.02 48 000  ~20 4 giants EW Hill & Pasquini (1999)
Be 22 –0.32  ±  0.04 34 000 20–25 2 K giant EW Villanova et al. (2005)
Be 25 –0.20  ±  0.05 40 000 25–40 4 giant EW Carraro et al. (2007b)
Be 29 –0.44  ±  0.02 34 000  ~70 2 G giant EW Carraro et al. (2004)
–0.52  ±  0.03 28 000  ≥ 100 2 giant EW Yong et al. (2005)
–0.31  ±  0.03 45 000  ≥ 25 6 giant EW Sestito et al. (2008)
Be 31 –0.54  ±  0.06 28 000  ≥ 60 1 giant EW Yong et al. (2005)
–0.31  ±  0.06 28 000  ~100 2 giant EW 1 Friel et al. (2010)
Be 32 –0.29  ±  0.04 45 000  ≥ 50 9 giant EW Bragaglia et al. (2008)
–0.30  ±  0.02 28 000  ~100 2 giant EW 1 Friel et al. (2010)
Be 39 –0.21  ±  0.01 28 000 70–115 3 giant EW1 Friel et al. (2010)
Be 66 –0.48  ±  0.24 34 000 5–15 2 K giant EW Villanova et al. (2005)
Be 73 –0.22  ±  0.10 40 000 25–40 2 giant EW Carraro et al. (2007b)
Be 75 –0.22  ±  0.20 40 000 25–40 1 giant EW Carraro et al. (2007b)
Blanco 1 +0.04  ±  0.02 50 000  ≥ 70 8 F-G dwarf Syn Ford et al. (2005)
+0.20  ±  0.03 28 000 100–400 4 dwarf EW Edvardsson et al. (1995)
Cr 121 +0.25 20 000 1 supergiant EW Mallik (1998)
Cr 261 –0.22  ±  0.11 25 000  ≥ 75 4 giant EW Friel et al. (2003)
–0.03  ±  0.04 40 000 70–130 6 giant EW Carretta et al. (2005)
–0.01  ±  0.02 47 000 80–100 12 giant EW De Silva et al. (2007)
+0.13  ±  0.05 45 000  ≥ 60 7 giant EW Sestito et al. (2008)
Hyades Mel 25 +0.13  ±  0.02 45 000 200 14 F dwarf EW Boesgaard & Friel (1990)
–0.05  ±  0l03 60 000  ~200 29 F 19 A dwarf Syn Varenne & Monier (1999)
+0.12  ±  0.06 40 000 100–300 3 giant EW Boyarchuk et al. (2000)
+0.13  ±  0.08 40 000  ~100 2 F-K dwarf EW Sestito et al. (2003)
+0.13  ±  0.06 60 000 100–200 55 F-M dwarf EW Paulson et al. (2003)
+0.13  ±  0.05 60 000 100–200 46 F-K dwarf EW/Syn De Silva et al. (2006)
+0.14  ±  0.04 40 000 100 1 dwarf EW D’Orazi & Randich (2009)
+0.21  ±  0.04 60 000 175–225 3 G dwarf/4 giant Syn Schuler et al. (2009, 2006)
IC 2391 –0.03  ±  0.07 18 000–44 000 30–100 4 dwarf EW Randich et al. (2001)
–0.01  ±  0.02 40 000 70–280 7 G–K dwarf EW D’Orazi & Randich (2009)
IC 2581 –0.34  ±  0.02 18 000  ≥ 100 1 F supergiant EW Luck (1994)
IC 2602 –0.05  ±  0.05 18 000–44 000 30–100 9 dwarf EW Randich et al. (2001)
+0.00  ±  0.01 40 000 100–250 8 G–K dwarf EW D’Orazi & Randich (2009)
IC 2714 +0.12  ±  0.09 48 000 180 1 giant EW 2 Smiljanic et al. (2009)
–0.01  ±  0.01 50 000 200–300 3 giant EW Santos et al. (2009)
IC 4651 +0.11  ±  0.01 40 000  ≥ 100 5 giant EW Carretta et al. (2004)
+0.10  ±  0.03 45 000 70–120 5 giant/18 dwarf EW Pasquini et al. (2004)
+0.12  ±  0.05 100 000  ~80 5 G dwarf EW Pace et al. (2008)
+0.15  ±  0.01 50 000 200–300 3 giant/3 dwarf EW Santos et al. (2009)
+0.11  ±  0.01 48 000  ≥ 100 5 giant EW/Syn Mikolaitis et al. (2011a)
IC 4665 –0.03  ±  0.04 60 000 30–150 18 F–K dwarf Syn Shen et al. (2005)
IC 4725 M 25 +0.18  ±  0.08 18 000  ≥ 100 2 supergiant/1 giant EW Luck (1994)
IC 4756 –0.02  ±  0.05 18 000  ≥ 100 4 supergiant EW Luck (1994)
–0.15  ±  0.04 15 000 70–150 7 giant EW3 Jacobson et al. (2007)
+0.04  ±  0.04 48 000  ≥ 170 5 giant EW2 Smiljanic et al. (2009)
+0.02  ±  0.03 50 000 200–300 3 giant/3 dwarf EW Santos et al. (2009)
+0.01  ±  0.09 100 000 50–100 3 dwarf EW Pace et al. (2010)
+0.08  ±  0.11 100 000 50-100 3 giant EW Pace et al. (2010)
M 11 NGC 6705 +0.10  ±  0.07 38 000 85–130 10 K giant EW/Syn Gonzalez & Wallerstein (2000)
M 34 NGC 1039 +0.07  ±  0.04 45 000  ~70 9 G dwarf EW Schuler et al. (2003)
M 67 NGC 2682 +0.02  ±  0.05 28 000 20–50 4 F dwarf EW Friel & Boesgaard (1992)
–0.03  ±  0.03 30 000  ≥ 100 9 giant EW4 Tautvaiŝiene et al. (2000)
–0.01  ±  0.04 28 000  ≥ 200 3 giant EW Yong et al. (2005)
+0.03  ±  0.01 45 000 80–180 8 dwarf/2subgiant EW Randich et al. (2006)
+0.03  ±  0.04 100 000  ~80 6 G dwarf EW Pace et al. (2008)
+0.00  ±  0.02 50 000 200-300 3 giant/3 dwarf EW Santos et al. (2009)
+0.03  ±  0.07 28 000 150–180 3 giant EW1 Friel et al. (2010)
–0.01  ±  0.05 21 000  >70 19 giants EW 1 Jacobson et al. (2011b)
Mel 20 Alpha +0.23  ±  0.08 45 000 300–450 1 supergiant/1 dwarf EW Gonzalez & Lambert (1996)
persei –0.05  ±  0.05 45 000 100 7 F dwarf EW Boesgaard & Friel (1990)
Mel 66 Cr 147 –0.38  ±  0.01 30 000  ~ 100 2 giant EW Gratton & Contarini (1994)
–0.33  ±  0.03 45 000 80–115 5 giant EW Sestito et al. (2008)
Mel 71 Cr 155 –0.30  ±  0.01 34 000  ~100 2 giant EW Brown et al. (1996)
Mel 111 Coma –0.05  ±  0.05 28 000  ≥ 150 14 F dwarf EW Friel & Boesgaard (1992)
Berenice +0.06  ±  0.10 42 000 150–400 11 A 11 F dwarf Syn Gebran et al. (2008)
NGC 188 +0.01  ±  0.08 35 000 20–35 11 G dwarf EW Randich et al. (2003)
+0.12  ±  0.02 28 000 120–140 4 giant EW1 Friel et al. (2010)
–0.03  ±  0.04 21 000  >70 27 giants EW1 Jacobson et al. (2011b)
NGC 752 –0.09  ±  0.05 40 000 80–150 8 dwarf EW Hobbs & Thorburn (1992)
+0.01  ±  0.04 57 000 30–80 18 G dwarf EW Sestito et al. (2004)
NGC 1193 –0.30  ±  0.06 28 000 100 1 giant EW1 Friel et al. (2010)
NGC 1245 –0.04  ±  0.05 21 000  >70 13 giants EW1 Jacobson et al. (2011b)
NGC 1817 –0.07  ±  0.04 28 000 120 2 giant EW1 Jacobson et al. (2009)
–0.16  ±  0.03 21 000  > 70 28 giants EW1 Jacobson et al. (2011b)
NGC 1883 –0.20  ±  0.22 20 000  ~ 20 5 giant EW Villanova et al. (2007)
–0.01  ±  0.01 28 000  ~ 100 3 giant EW1 Jacobson et al. (2009)
NGC 1901 –0.08  ±  0.01 33 000–64 000 50–80 1 subgiant EW1 Carraro et al. (2007a)
NGC 2112 –0.09  ±  0.10 16 000–34 000 80 2 giant EW Brown et al. (1996)
+0.16  ±  0.03 33 000 80–100 3 giant EW Carraro et al. (2008)
NGC 2141 –0.26 28 000  ≥ 130 1 giant EW Yong et al. (2005)
+0.00  ±  0.16 28 000 75 1 giant EW1 Jacobson et al. (2009)
NGC 2158 –0.03  ±  0.14 28 000 75 1 giant EW1 Jacobson et al. (2009)
–0.28  ±  0.05 21 000  > 70 15 giants EW1 Jacobson et al. (2011b)
NGC 2194 –0.08  ±  0.08 21 000  > 70 6 giants EW1 Jacobson et al. (2011b)
NGC 2204 –0.23  ±  004 20 000  ≥ 60 13 giant EW Jacobson et al. (2011a)
NGC 2232 +0.22  ±  0.095 16 000 70–300 5 dwarf EW Monroe & Pilachowski (2010)
+0.32  ±  0.085 16 000 70–300 5 dwarf EW Monroe & Pilachowski (2010)
NGC 2243 –0.48  ±  0.01 30 000  ~ 100 2 giant EW Gratton & Contarini (1994)
–0.42  ±  0.05 20 000  ≥ 60 10 giant EW Jacobson et al. (2011a)
NGC 2264 –0.18  ±  0.08 45 000 45–75 4 dwarf EW King et al. (2000)
NGC 2324 –0.17  ±  0.05 45 000  ≥ 80 7 giant EW Bragaglia et al. (2008)
NGC 2355 –0.08  ±  0.08 21 000  > 70 5 giants EW1 Jacobson et al. (2011b)
NGC 2360 +0.07  ±  0.06 28 000 50–200 4 giant EW Hamdani et al. (2000)
+0.04  ±  0.09 28 000  ≥ 70 4 giant EW2 Smiljanic et al. (2009)
–0.03  ±  0.01 50 000 200–300 3 giant EW Santos et al. (2009)
NGC 2420 –0.57  ±  0.08 20 000 4 giant Syn Smith & Suntzeff (1987)
–0.20  ±  0.06 21 000  > 70 9 giants EW1 Jacobson et al. (2011b)
NGC 2423 +0.14  ±  0.06 50 000 200–300 3 giant EW Santos et al. (2009)
NGC 2425 –0.15  ±  0.09 21 000  > 70 4 giants EW1 Jacobson et al. (2011b)
NGC 2447 M 93 +0.03  ±  0.03 28 000 50–2000 3 giant EW Hamdani et al. (2000)
–0.01  ±  0.01 28 000  ≥ 70 3 giant EW2 Smiljanic et al. (2009)
–0.10  ±  0.03 50 000 100–300 3 giant/3 dwarf EW Santos et al. (2009)
NGC 2477 +0.07  ±  0.03 45 000  ≥ 80 6 giant EW Bragaglia et al. (2008)
NGC 2506 –0.20  ±  0.02 40 000  ≥ 35 4 giant EW Carretta et al. (2004)
–0.24  ±  0.05 48 000  ≥ 35 4 giant EW Mikolaitis et al. (2011b)
NGC 2516 +0.01  ±  0.07 47 000 70 2 F dwarf EW Terndrup et al. (2002)
NGC 2539 +0.13  ±  0.09 50 000 200–300 3 giant EW Santos et al. (2009)
NGC 2660 +0.04  ±  0.04 45 000  ≥ 45 5 giant EW Bragaglia et al. (2008)
NGC 3114 +0.05  ±  0.13 48 000 7 giant EW Pereira & Quireza (2010)
+0.02  ±  0.09 50 000 200–300 3 giant EW Santos et al. (2009)
NGC 3532 +0.10  ±  0.17 18 000  ≥ 100 5 giant/1 supergiant EW Luck (1994)
+0.04  ±  0.05 48 000  ≥ 170 6 giant EW2 Smiljanic et al. (2009)
NGC 3680 –0.04  ±  0.03 100 000  ~ 80 2 G dwarf EW Pace et al. (2008)
+0.04  ±  0.10 48 000 200 1 giant EW2 Smiljanic et al. (2009)
–0.03  ±  0.01 50 000 200–300 3 giant/3 dwarf EW Santos et al. (2009)
NGC 3960 +0.02  ±  0.04 45 000  ≥ 95 6 giant EW Bragaglia et al. (2008)
NGC 4349 –0.12  ±  0.06 50 000 200–300 3 giant EW Santos et al. (2009)
NGC 5460 +0.05  ±  0.24 25 000  ≥ 100 21 A B F Syn Fossati et al. (2011)
NGC 5822 +0.07  ±  0.02 18 000  ≥ 100 1 giant EW Luck (1994)
+0.04  ±  0.08 48 000  ≥ 130 5 giant EW2 Smiljanic et al. (2009)
+0.05  ±  0.04 50 000 200–300 3 giant/3 dwarf EW Santos et al. (2009)
+0.05  ±  0.09 100 000 50–100 2 dwarf EW Pace et al. (2010)
+0.15  ±  0.11 100 000 50–100 3 giant EW Pace et al. (2010)
NGC 6067 +0.02  ±  0.12 18 000  ≥ 100 1 supergiant EW Luck (1994)
NGC 6087 +0.06  ±  0.20 18 000  ≥ 100 2 supergiant/1 giant EW Luck (1994)
NGC 6134 +0.15  ±  0.07 40 000  ≥ 60 6 gint EW Carretta et al. (2004)
+0.12  ±  0.09 48 000  ≥ 150 3 giant EW2 Smiljanic et al. (2009)
+0.15  ±  0.05 45 000  ≥ 60 6 giant EW1 Mikolaitis et al. (2010)
NGC 6192 +0.12  ±  0.04 47 000  ≥ 140 4 giant EW Magrini et al. (2010)
NGC 6253 +0.46  ±  0.03 48 000 85–180 5 giant Syn Carretta et al. (2007)
+0.36  ±  0.07 47 000 65–140 2 giant/1 subgiant/1 dwarf EW Sestito et al. (2007)
NGC 6281 +0.05  ±  0.06 48 000  ≥ 230 2 giant EW2 Smiljanic et al. (2009)
NGC 6404 +0.11  ±  0.04 47 000  ≥ 110 4 giant EW Magrini et al. (2010)
NGC 6475 M 7 +0.14  ±  0.06 48 000 50–150 13 F-K dwarf EW Sestito et al. (2003)
+0.03  ±  0.02 18 000  ≥ 200 2 B 3 F–K dwarf/2 G–K giant EW Villanova et al. (2009)
NGC 6583 +0.37  ±  0.03 47 000  ≥ 80 2 giant EW Magrini et al. (2010)
NGC 6633 +0.07  ±  0.05 48 000  ≥ 160 2 giant EW2 Smiljanic et al. (2009)
+0.06  ±  0.01 50 000 200–300 3 giant EW Santos et al. (2009)
NGC 6791 +0.37  ±  0.03 20 000 30 1 hot HB EW/Syn Peterson & Green (1998)
+0.35  ±  0.02 25 000  ≥ 40 6 giant Syn Origlia et al. (2006)
+0.38  ±  0.02 20 000 30–60 10 giant Syn Carraro et al. (2006)
+0.47  ±  0.07 29 000 40–85 4 giant Syn Carretta et al. (2007)
+0.30  ±  0.08 45 000  ~ 40 2 dwarf EW Boesgaard et al. (2009)
NGC 6819 +0.09  ±  0.03 40 000 130 3 giant EW Bragaglia et al. (2001)
NGC 6882/5 –0.03  ±  0.01 18 000  ≥ 100 1 supergiant/1 dwarf EW Luck (1994)
NGC 6939 +0.00  ±  0.10 15 000 70–150 9 giant EW3 Jacobson et al. (2007)
NGC 7142 +0.08  ±  0.06 15 000 70–150 6 giant EW3 Jacobson et al. (2007)
+0.16  ±  0.01 30 000 100–130 4 giant EW1 Jacobson et al. (2008)
NGC 7160 +0.16  ±  0.03 16 000 70–300 16 F–G dwarf EW Monroe & Pilachowski (2010)
NGC 7789 –0.04  ±  0.05 30 000  ≥ 50 9 giant EW/Syn Tautvaišienėet al. (2005)
+0.02  ±  0.04 21 000  > 70 28 giants EW1 Jacobson et al. (2011b)
Pleiades M 45 –0.03  ±  0.02 45000 150 12 F dwarf EW Boesgaard & Friel (1990)
–0.03  ±  0.10 18 000–44 000 30–100 2 dwarf EW Randich et al. (2001)
+0.06  ±  0.02 42 000–75 000 100–300 16 A giant/5 F dwarf Syn Gebran & Monier (2008)
+0.07  ±  0.03 45 000 70 2 dwarf EW King et al. (2000)
+0.07  ±  0.05 40 000 20 F–G–K dwarf Syn Soderblom et al. (2009)
Praesepe M 44 +0.04  ±  0.04 28 000 60–190 6 F dwarf EW Friel & Boesgaard (1992)
Mel 88 +0.27  ±  0.04 100 000  ~ 130 7 G dwarf EW Pace et al. (2008)
Rup 4 –0.09  ±  0.04 40 000 25–40 3 giant EW Carraro et al. (2007b)
Rup 7 –0.26  ±  0.05 40 000 25–40 5 giant EW Carraro et al. (2007b)
Saurer 1 –0.38  ±  0.01 34 000  ~ 80 2 G giant EW Carraro et al. (2004)
To 2 –0.50  ±  0.10 34 000 50–60 3 giant EW Brown et al. (1996)
–0.28  ±  0.01 21 000–40 000 15–70 18 giant EW Frinchaboy et al. (2008)
–0.31  ±  0.02 17 000 60–80 13 giant EW Villanova et al. (2010)
Tr 20 –0.11  ±  0.13 50 000 65 1 giant EW Platais et al. (2008)

Notes. 

(1)

Spectral synthesis for O.

(2)

Spectral synthesis for C, N, O.

(3)

Spectral synthesis for Al, Na, O.

(4)

Spectral synthesis for C, N, Eu.

(5)

Depending on the adopted temperature scale.

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