Orbital elements for the highly inclined case γF = 0.78(45°) (model 3). Panel 1 shows the eccentricity grows due to the Kozai effect for all but the outermost planetesimals . The nodal precession and inclination angles are depicted in panels 2 and 3, respectively, where the short dashed lines represent the inner and outer disc edge. The long dashed line in panel 3 represents the threshold inclination of αK = 39.2° above which the Kozai mechanism is expected to operate. The apsidal precession angles are depicted in panel 4.
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