EDP Sciences
Free Access
Volume 490, Number 1, October IV 2008
Page(s) 231 - 241
Section Stellar structure and evolution
DOI https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20078577
Published online 11 September 2008

A&A 490, 231-241 (2008)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20078577

Gravitational waves from 3D MHD core collapse simulations

S. Scheidegger, T. Fischer, S. C. Whitehouse, and M. Liebendörfer

Department of Physics, University of Basel, Klingelbergstrasse 82, 4056 Basel, Switzerland
    e-mail: [Simon.Scheidegger;matthias.Liebendœrfer]@unibas.ch

Received 30 August 2007 / Accepted 2 July 2008

We present the gravitational wave analyses from rotating (model s15g) and nearly non-rotating (model s15h) 3D MHD core collapse supernova simulations at bounce and during the first couple of ten milliseconds afterwards. The simulations are launched from 15 $M_{\odot}$ progenitor models stemming from stellar-evolution calculations. Gravity is implemented by a spherically symmetric effective general relativistic potential. The input physics uses the Lattimer-Swesty equation of state for hot, dense matter and a neutrino parametrisation scheme that is accurate until the first few ms after bounce. The 3D simulations allow us to study features already known from 2D simulations, as well as nonaxisymmetric effects. In agreement with recent results, we find only type I gravitational wave signals at core bounce. In the later stage of the simulations, one of our models (s15g) shows nonaxisymmetric gravitational wave emission caused by a low T/|W| dynamical instability, while the other model radiates gravitational waves due to a convective instability in the protoneutron star. The total energy released in gravitational waves within the considered time intervals is $1.52\times10^{-7}~M_{\odot}$ (s15g) and $4.72\times10^{-10}~M_{\odot}$ (s15h). Both core collapse simulations indicate that corresponding events in our Galaxy would be detectable either by the LIGO or Advanced LIGO detector.

Key words: gravitational waves -- supernovae: general -- hydrodynamics -- neutrinos -- stars: rotation -- stars: neutron

© ESO 2008

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