EDP Sciences
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Volume 447, Number 1, February III 2006
Page(s) 133 - 144
Section Extragalactic astronomy
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20052838
A&A 447, 133-144 (2006)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20052838

Structure and dynamics of the Shapley Supercluster

Velocity catalogue, general morphology and mass
D. Proust1, H. Quintana2, E. R. Carrasco3, A. Reisenegger2, E. Slezak4, H. Muriel5, R. Dünner2, L. Sodré Jr.6, M. J. Drinkwater7, Q. A. Parker8 and C. J. Ragone5

1  GEPI, Observatoire de Paris-Meudon, 92195 Meudon Cedex, France
    e-mail: dominique.proust@obspm.fr
2  Departamento de Astronomía y Astrofisica, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Casilla 306, Santiago 22, Chile
3  Gemini Observatory, Southern Operations Center c/o AURA, Casilla 603, La Serena, Chile
4  Observatoire de Nice, 06304 Nice Cedex 4, France
5  Grupo de Investigaciones en Astronomía Teórica y Experimental, Observatorio Astrónomico, Laprida 854, 5000 Córdoba, Argentina, and CONICET, Buenos Aires, Argentina
6  Instituto de Astronomia, Geofísica e Ciências Atmosféricas, R. do Matão 1226, CEP 05508-090 São Paulo/SP Brazil
7  Department of Physics, University of Queensland, QLD 4072, Australia
8  Department of Physics, Macquarie University, NSW 2109, Australia, and Anglo-Australian Observatory, PO Box 296, Epping NSW 1710, Australia

(Received 8 February 2005 / Accepted 28 September 2005 )

We present results of our wide-field redshift survey of galaxies in a 285 square degree region of the Shapley Supercluster (SSC), based on a set of 10 529 velocity measurements (including 1201 new ones) on 8632 galaxies obtained from various telescopes and from the literature. Our data reveal that the main plane of the SSC ( $v\approx 14\,500~\ {\rm km\,s^{-1}}$) extends further than previous estimates, filling the whole extent of our survey region of 12 degrees by 30 degrees on the sky ( $30\times 75~h^{-1}\,{\rm Mpc}$). There is also a connecting structure associated with the slightly nearer Abell 3571 cluster complex ( $v\approx 12\,000~\ {\rm km\,s^{-1}}$). These galaxies seem to link two previously identified sheets of galaxies and establish a connection with a third one at $\overline v= 15\,000~\ {\rm km\,s^{-1}}$ near ${\rm RA}= 13^{\rm h}$. They also tend to fill the gap of galaxies between the foreground Hydra-Centaurus region and the more distant SSC. In the velocity range of the Shapley Supercluster ( $9000\ {\rm km\,s^{-1}}<
cz < 18\,000~\ {\rm km\,s^{-1}}$), we found redshift-space overdensities with bj<17.5 of $\simeq$5.4 over the 225 square degree central region and $\simeq$3.8 in a 192 square degree region excluding rich clusters. Over the large region of our survey, we find that the intercluster galaxies make up 48 per cent of the observed galaxies in the SSC region and, accounting for the different completeness, may contribute nearly twice as much mass as the cluster galaxies. In this paper, we discuss the completeness of the velocity catalogue, the morphology of the supercluster, the global overdensity, and some properties of the individual galaxy clusters in the Supercluster.

Key words: galaxies: clusters: individual: Shapley Supercluster -- galaxies: clusters: individual: A 3558 -- galaxies: distances and redshifts -- cosmology: observations -- cosmology: large-scale structure of Universe -- galaxies: clusters: general

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