EDP Sciences
Free access
Issue
A&A
Volume 441, Number 3, October III 2005
Page(s) 893 - 903
Section Cosmology (including clusters of galaxies)
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20052856


A&A 441, 893-903 (2005)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20052856

The structural and scaling properties of nearby galaxy clusters

II. The M-T relation
M. Arnaud1, E. Pointecouteau1 and G. W. Pratt2

1  CEA/DSM/DAPNIA Service d'Astrophysique, CE Saclay, L'Orme des Merisiers, Bât. 709, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette, France
    e-mail: marnaud@discovery.saclay.cea.fr
2  MPE, Giessenbachstraße, 85748 Garching, Germany

(Received 10 February 2005 / Accepted 19 June 2005 )

Abstract
Using a sample of ten nearby ( $z\lesssim 0.15$), relaxed galaxy clusters in the temperature range [2-9]$~\rm keV$, we have investigated the scaling relation between the mass at various density contrasts ( $\delta=2500,1000,500,200$) and the cluster temperature. The masses are derived from NFW-type model fits to mass profiles, obtained under the hydrostatic assumption using precise measurements, with , at least down to $\delta=1000$. The logarithmic slope of the M-T relation is well constrained and is the same at all $\delta$, reflecting the self-similarity of the mass profiles. At $\delta=500$, the slope of the relation for the sub-sample of hot clusters ( $kT>3.5~\rm keV$) is consistent with the standard self-similar expectation: $\alpha=
1.49\pm0.15$. The relation steepens when the whole sample is considered: $\alpha=1.71\pm0.09$. The normalisation of the relation is discrepant (by ~30 per cent), at all density contrasts, with the prediction from purely gravitation based models. Models that take into account radiative cooling and galaxy feedback are generally in better agreement with our data. We argue that remaining discrepancies, in particular at low $\delta$, are more likely due to problems with models of the ICM thermal structure rather than to an incorrect estimate of the mass from X-ray data.


Key words: cosmology: observations -- cosmology: dark matter -- galaxies: clusters: general -- galaxies: intergalactic medium -- X-rays: galaxies: clusters

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