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A&A
Volume 497, Number 2, April II 2009
Page(s) 545 - 550
Section Planets and planetary systems
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/200810917
Published online 09 February 2009
A&A 497, 545-550 (2009)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/200810917

OGLE2-TR-L9b: an exoplanet transiting a rapidly rotating F3 star

I. A. G. Snellen1, J. Koppenhoefer2, 3, R. F. J. van der Burg1, S. Dreizler4, J. Greiner3, M. D. J. de Hoon1, T. O. Husser5, T. Krühler3, 6, R. P. Saglia3, and F. N. Vuijsje1

1  Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, Postbus 9513, 2300 RA, Leiden, The Netherlands
    e-mail: snellen@strw.leidenuniv.nl
2  Universitäts-Sternwarte München, Munich, Germany
3  Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik, Giessenbachstrasse, 85748 Garching, Germany
4  Institut für Astrophysik, Georg-August-Universität Göttingen, Friedrich-Hund-Platz 1, 37077 Göttingen, Germany
5  South African Astronomical Observatory, PO Box 9, Observatory 7935, South Africa
6  Universe Cluster, Technische Universität München, Boltzmannstraße 2, 85748, Garching, Germany

Received 5 September 2008 / Accepted 5 December 2008

Abstract
Context. The photometric observations of the OGLE-II microlens monitoring campaign have been taken in the period 1997-2000. All light curves of this campaign have recently become public. Our analysis of these data has revealed 13 low-amplitude transiting objects among ~15 700 stars in three Carina fields towards the Galactic disk. One of these objects, OGLE2-TR-L9 ($P\sim2.5$ days), turned out to be an excellent transiting-planet candidate.
Aims. We report on our investigation of the true nature of OGLE2-TR-L9. By re-observing the photometric transit, we attempt to determine the transit parameters to high precision, and, by spectroscopic observations, to estimate the properties of the host star and determine the mass of the transiting object by means of radial-velocity measurements.
Methods. High precision photometric observations were obtained in g', r', i', and z' band simultaneously, using the new GROND detector, mounted on the MPI/ESO 2.2 m telescope at La Silla. Eight epochs of high-dispersion spectroscopic observations were obtained using the fiber-fed FLAMES/UVES Echelle spectrograph, mounted on ESO's Very Large Telescope at Paranal.
Results. The photometric transit, now more than 7 years after the last OGLE-II observations, was re-discovered only ~8 min from its predicted time. The primary object is a rapidly rotating F3 star with $v\sin i=39.33\pm0.38$ km s-1, $T=6933\pm58$ K, $\log\,g = 4.25\pm0.01$, and ${\rm [Fe/H]} = -0.05\pm0.20$. The transiting object is an extrasolar planet with $M_{\rm {p}}=4.5\pm1.5~M_{\rm {Jup}}$ and $R_{\rm {p}}=1.61\pm0.04~R_{\rm {Jup}}$. Since this is the first planet detected orbiting a fast rotating star, the uncertainties in both the radial-velocity measurements and the planetary mass are larger than for most other planets discovered to date. The rejection of possible blend scenarios was based on a quantitative analysis of the multi-color photometric data. A stellar-blend scenario of an early F-star with a faint eclipsing-binary system is excluded, due to 1) the consistency between the spectroscopic parameters of the star and the mean density of the transited object as determined from the photometry, and 2) the excellent agreement between the transit signal as observed at four different wavelengths.


Key words: stars: planetary systems -- techniques: photometric -- eclipses -- stars: rotation



© ESO 2009