EDP Sciences
Free access
Volume 493, Number 2, January II 2009
Page(s) 585 - 593
Section Stellar structure and evolution
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:200810208
Published online 20 November 2008

A&A 493, 585-593 (2009)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:200810208

CNO-driven winds of hot first stars

J. Krtička1 and J. Kubát2

1  Ústav teoretické fyziky a astrofyziky PřF MU, CZ-611 37 Brno, Czech Republic
    e-mail: krticka@physics.muni.cz
2  Astronomický ústav, Akademie věd České republiky, CZ-251 65 Ondřejov, Czech Republic

Received 16 May 2008 / Accepted 3 October 2008

During the evolution of first stars, the CNO elements may emerge on their surfaces due to the mixing processes. Consequently, these stars may have winds driven purely by CNO elements. We study the properties of such stellar winds and discuss their influence on the surrounding environment. For this purpose, we used our own NLTE models and tested which stellar parameters of the first stars at different evolutionary stages result in CNO winds. If such winds are possible, we calculate their hydrodynamic structure and predict their parameters. We show that, while the studied stars do not have any wind driven purely by hydrogen and helium, CNO driven winds exist in more luminous stars. On the other hand, for very hot stars, CNO elements are too ionized to drive a wind. In most cases the derived mass-loss rate is much less than calculated with solar mixture of elements. This is because wind mass-loss rate in present hot stars is dominated by elements heavier than CNO. We conclude that, until a sufficient amount of these elements is created, the influence of line-driven winds is relatively small on the evolution of hot stars (which are not close to the Eddington limit).

Key words: stars: winds, outflows -- stars: mass-loss -- stars: early-type -- hydrodynamics

© ESO 2009