A&A 491, L5-L8 (2008)
SUMER observations of the inverse Evershed effect in the transition region above a sunspotL. Teriaca, W. Curdt, and S. K. Solanki
Max-Planck-Institut für Sonnensystemforschung (MPS), 37191 Katlenburg-Lindau, Germany
Received 16 May 2008 / Accepted 18 September 2008
Aims. We analyse SUMER spectral scans of a large sunspot within active region NOAA 10923, obtained on 14–15 November 2006, to determine the morphology and dynamics of the sunspot atmosphere at different heights/temperatures.
Methods. The data analysed here consist of spectroheliograms in the continuum around 142.0 nm and in the Si IV 140.2 nm, O III 70.3 nm, N IV 76.5 nm, and O IV 79.0 nm spectral lines. Gaussian-fitting of the observed profiles provides line-of-sight velocity and Doppler-width maps.
Results. The data show an asymmetric downflow pattern compatible with the presence of the inverse Evershed flow in a region within roughly twice the penumbral radius at transition-region temperatures up to 0.18 MK. The motions, highly inhomogeneous on small scales, seem to occur in a collar of radially directed filamentary structures, with an average width less than the 1 Mm spatial resolution of SUMER and characterised by different plasma speeds. Assuming that the flows are directed along the field lines, we deduce that such field lines are inclined by 10° to 25° with respect to the solar surface.
Key words: Sun: transition region -- Sun: magnetic fields -- Sun: sunspots
© ESO 2008